American Medical Association guide to preventing and treating heart disease

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Motivate teachers and administrators to make physical activity a part of the school day. This can help students start good habits early. Ask doctors and nurses to be leaders in their communities by speaking out about ways to prevent heart disease. How can I help spread the word?

For example: Add information about living a heart healthy lifestyle to your newsletter. Tweet about American Heart Month. Host a community event to promote heart health, like a group walk or a heart-healthy cooking demonstration. Take action: Be the cure! Sample Tweets Messages for Consumers. Get Involved Take action to promote heart health. Celebrate National Wear Red Day to raise awareness about women and heart disease. Encourage everyone in your community to wear red on February 1, Visit Go Red for Women for more information.

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Host an American Heart Month event at a local school, health center, or library. Work with local recreation and fitness centers to spread the word about the importance of physical activity to prevent heart disease. Contact your local Red Cross to host a CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation training event in your community. These skills can help save the life of someone who has sudden cardiac arrest. National Diabetes Statistics Report, Awareness of prediabetes--United States, Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin.

Cardiovascular Disease

N Engl J Med. Prevalence of hypertension and controlled hypertension - United States, MMWR Suppl. Atlanta, GA: U. American Diabetes Association. Economic Costs of Diabetes in the US in Diabetes Care.

Congestive Heart Failure | Heart Failure | CHF | MedlinePlus

Diabetes advocacy. In Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes — Siu AL. Ann Intern Med. Knowler et al. N Engl J Med ; Impact of lifestyle and metformin therapy on cardiovascular disease risk factors in the diabetes prevention program. Other post-heart attack treatments include the regular use of blood thinners for example, low-dose aspirin to prevent new clots from forming and other medications to help control blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.

For moderate to severe congestive heart failure, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace heart valves or to bypass coronary arteries with grafts. In severe cases, patients may have pacemakers or defibrillators implanted to control heart rhythms.

#TomorrowsDiscoveries: Preventing Cardiovascular Disease – Erin Michos, M.D.

For more information on heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases visit the American Heart Association. Learn more here. Researchers are using stem cells in two important ways to improve cardiac health.

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Second, stem cells offer ways to replace damaged heart tissue. Using cellular therapy, researchers hope to repair or replace heart tissue damaged by congestive heart failure and heart attacks. Unlike the treatments listed above, cellular therapy could provide a durable treatment for heart deficiencies, rather than symptom-focused treatment.

Your heart is constructed of several types of cells. For mending damaged heart tissue, researchers generally focus on three specific heart cell types:.

American Medical Association

Gladstone Institutes. Close up of a mouse heart stained to reveal the important structural protein that helps heart muscle cells to contract red. The cell nuclei are labeled in magenta. Researchers are experimenting with a variety of stem cell therapies to transplant new cells, use tissue engineering to improve the survival or function of transplanted cells, and stimulate existing cells to generate new cardiomyocytes.

Strikingly, these stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes will beat in unison in a culture dish, the same way they do in a living heart muscle. This property is essential, as researchers explore whether they might someday grow replacement tissue for transplantation into patients. However, it is not yet known whether lab-grown cardiomyocytes will integrate or beat in unison with surrounding cells if they are transplanted into a beating human heart.

Cardiac cells made from iPS cells are also incredibly useful for creating human models of heart disease to better understand exactly what goes wrong and for testing different drugs or other treatments. They can also be used to help predict which patients might have toxic cardiac side effects from drugs for other diseases such as cancer. Researchers are transplanting different types of stem cell and progenitor cells see above into patients to repair the damaged heart muscle.

Preliminary results from experiments with adult stem cells showed that they appeared to improve cardiac function even though they died shortly after transplantation.